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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Indefinite Pronouns

313. The distributives quisque (every), uterque (each of two), and ūnus quisque (every single one) are used in general assertions:—

bonus liber melior est quisque quō mâior (Plin. Ep. 1.20.4), the larger a good book is, the better (each good book is better in proportion, etc.).

ambō exercitūs suās quisque abeunt domōs’ (Liv. 2.7.1), both armies go away, every man to his home.

uterque utrīque erat exercitus in cōnspectū; (B. G. 7.35), each army was in sight of the other (each to each).

pōnite ante oculōs ūnum quemque rēgum (Par. 1.11), set before your etrue each of the kings.

a. Quisque regularly stands in a dependent clause, if there is one:—

quō quisque est sollertior, hōc docet īrācundius (Rosc. Com. 31), the keenerwitted a man is, the more impatiently he teaches.

Note— Quisque is generally postpositive1 : as, suum cuique, to every man his own.

b. Quisque is idiomatically used with superlatives and with ordinal numerals:—

nōbilissimus quisque, all the noblest (one after the other in the order of their nobility).2

prīmō quōque tempore (Rosc. Am. 36), at the very first opportunity.

antīquissimum quodque tempus (B. G. 1.45), the most ancient times.

decimus quisque (id. 5.52), one in ten.

Note 1— Two superlatives with quisque imply a proportion: as, —sapientissimus quisque aequissimō animō moritur(Cat. M. 83), the wisest men die with the greatest equanimity.

Note 2— Quotus quisque has the signification of how many, pray? often in a disparaging sense ( how few ):—

quotus enim quisque disertus? quotus quisque iūris perītus est (Planc. 62), for how few are eloquent! how few are learned in the law!

quotus enim istud quisque fēcisset (Lig. 26), for how many would have done this? [i.e. scarcely anybody would have done it].

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Notes
1
That is, it does not stand first in its clause.
2
As, in taking things one by one off a pile, each thing is uppermost when you take it.