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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Indefinite Pronouns

311. In a particular negative aliquis (aliquī), some one (some), is regularly used, where in a universal negative quisquam, any one, or ūllus, any, would be required:—

iūstitia numquam nocet cuiquam (Fin. 1.50), justice never does harm to anybody. [alicui would mean to somebody who possesses it.]

nōn sine aliquō metū, not without some fear. But, sine ūllō metū, without any fear.

cum aliquid nōn habeās (Tusc. 1.88), when there is something you have not.

Note— The same distinction holds between quis and aliquis on the one hand, and quisquam ( ūllus ) on the other, in conditional and other sentences when a negative is expressed or suggested:—

sī quisquam, ille sapiēns fuit (Lael. 9), if any man was (ever) a sage, he was.

dum praesidia ūlla fuērunt (Rosc. Am. 126), while there were any armed forces.

sī quid in tē peccāvī; (Att. 3.15.4), if I have done wrong towards you [in any particular case (see § 310 )].

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