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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Relative Pronouns

305. A Relative agrees with its Antecedent in Gender and Number; but its Case depends on its construction in the clause in which it stands:—

ea diēs quam cōnstituerat vēnit (B. G. 1.8), that day which he had appointed came.

pontem quī erat ad Genāvam iubet rescindī; (id. 1.7), he orders the bridge which was near Geneva to be cut down.

Aduatucī, dē quibus suprā dīximus, domum revertērunt (id. 2.29), the Aduatuci, of whom we have spoken above, returned home.

Note— This rule applies to all relative words so far as they are variable in form: as, quālis , quantus , quīcumque , etc.

a. If a relative has two or more antecedents, it follows the rules for the agreement of predicate adjectives (§§ 286 , 287):—

fīlium et fīliam, quōs valdē dīlēxit, unō tempore āmīsit, he lost at the same time a son and a daughter whom he dearly loved.

grandēs nātū mātrēs et parvulī līberī, quōrum utrōrumque aetās misericor, diam nostram requīrit (Verr. 5.129), aged matrons and little children, whose time of life in each case demands our compassion.

ōtium atque dīvitiae, quae prīma mortālēs putant (Sall. Cat. 36), idleness and wealth, which men count the first (objects of desire).

eae frūgēs et frūctūs quōs terra gignit (N. D. 2.37), those fruits and crops which the earth produces.

For the Person of the verb agreeing with the Relative, see § 316 . a.

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