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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Personal Pronouns

295. The Personal Pronouns have, in general, the same constructions as nouns.

a. The personal pronouns are not expressed as subjects, except for distinction or emphasis:—

tē vocō, I call you. But,—

quis mē vocat? ego tē vocō, who is calling me? I (emphatic) am calling you.

b. The personal pronouns have two forms for the genitive plural, that in -um being used partitively (§ 346), and that in oftenest objectively (§ 348):—

mâior vestrum, the elder of you.

habētis ducem memorem vestrī, oblītum suī; (Cat. 4.19), you have a leader who thinks (is mindful) of you and forgets (is forgetful of) himself.

pars nostrum, a part (i.e. some) of us.

Note 1— The genitives nostrum, vestrum, are occasionally used objectively (§ 348 ): as,— ‘cupidus vestrum’ (Verr. 3.224), fond of you; cūstōs vestrum (Cat. 3.29), the guardian of you (your guardian).

Note 2— “One of themselves” is expressed by ūnus ex suīs or ipsīs (rarely ex sē), or ūnus suōrum.

c. The Latin has no personal pronouns of the third person except the reflexive . The want is supplied by a Demonstrative or Relative (§§ 296 . 2, 308. f)

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