A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

AGREEMENT OF ADJECTIVES/ Attributive and Predicate Adjectives

285. Adjectives are either Attributive or Predicate.

1. An Attributive Adjective simply qualifies its noun without the intervention of a verb or participle, expressed or implied: as,—

bonus imperātor, a good commander; stellae lūcidae, bright stars; verbum Graecum, a Greek word.

2. All other adjectives are called Predicate Adjectives:—

stellae lūcidae erant, the stars were bright.

sit Scīpiō clārus (Cat. 4.21), let Scipio be illustrious.

hominēs mītīs reddidit (Inv. 1.2), has rendered men mild.

tria praedia Capitōnī propria trāduntur (Rosc. Am. 21), three farms are handed over to Capito as his own.

cōnsilium cēpērunt plēnum sceleris ( id . 28), they formed a plan full of villany.

Note A predicate adjective may be used with sum or a copulative verb (§ 283 ); it may have the construction of a predicate accusative after a verb of naming , calling , or the like (§ 393 . N.); or it may be used in apposition like a noun (§ 282 . b).

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