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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

THE SENTENCE/ Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

273. Verbs are either Transitive or Intransitive.

1. A Transitive Verb has or requires a direct object to complete its sense (see § 274 ): as,— frātrem cecīdit, he slew his brother.

2. An Intransitive Verb admits of no direct object to complete its sense:—

cadō, I fall (or am falling).sōl lūcet, the sun shines (or is shining).

Note 1 Among transitive verbs Factitive Verbs are sometimes distinguished as a separate class. These state an act which produces the thing expressed by the word which completes their sense. Thus mēnsam fēcit, he made a table (which was not in existence before), is distinguished from mēnsam percussit, he struck a table (which already existed).

Note 2 A transitive verb may often be used absolutely , i.e. without any object expressed: as,— arat, he is ploughing, where the verb does not cease to be transitive because the object is left indefinite, as we see by adding,— quid, what? agrum suum, his land.

Note 3 Transitive and Intransitive Verbs are often called Active and Neuter Verbs respectively.

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