A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough? New Latin Grammar

COMPOUND WORDS/ Syntactic Compunds

266. In many apparent compounds, complete words—not stems—have grown together in speech. These are not strictly compounds in the etymological sense. They are called Syntactic Compounds. Examples are:—

a. Compounds of faciō , factō , with an actual or formerly existing nounstem confounded with a verbal stem in ē- . These are causative in force.

cōnsuē-faciō, habituate (cf. cōnsuē-scō, become accustomed).

cale-faciō, cale-factō, to heat (cf. calē-scō, grow warm).

b. An adverb or noun combined with a verb:—

bene-dīcō (bene, well, dīcō, speak), to bless.

satis-faciō (satis, enough, faciō, do), to do enough (for).

c. Many apparent compounds of stems:—

fide-iubeō (fide, surety, iubeō, command), to give surety.

mān-suētus (manuī, to the hand, suētus, accustomed), tame.

Mārci-por (Mārcī puer), slave of Marcus.

Iuppiter (†, old vocative, and pater), father Jove.

anim-advertō (animum advertō), attend to, punish.

d. A few phrases forced into the ordinary inflections of nouns:—

prō-cōnsul, proconsul (for prō cōnsule , instead of a consul).

trium-vir, triumvir (singular from trium virōrum).

septen-triō, the Bear, a constellation (supposed singular of septem triōnēs, the Seven Plough-Oxen).

In all these cases it is to be observed that words, not stems, are united.

XML File