A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


265. New stems are formed by Composition in three ways:—

  1. The second part is simply added to the first:—

    su-ove-taurīlia (sūs, ovis, taurus), the sacrifice of a swine, a sheep, and a bull (cf. § 255 . a).

    septen-decim (septem, decem), seventeen.

  2. The first part modifies the second as an adjective or adverb (Determinative Compounds):—

    lāti-fundium (lātus, fundus), a large landed estate.

    omni-potēns (omnis, potēns), omnipotent.

  3. The first part has the force of a case, and the second a verbal force (Objective Compounds):—

    agri-cola (ager, field, †cola akin to colō, cultivate), a farmer.

    armi-ger (arma, arms, †ger akin to gerō, carry), armor-bearer.

    corni-cen (cornū, horn, †cen akin to canō, sing), horn-blower.

    carni-fex ( carō, flesh, †fex akin to faciō, make), executioner.

a. Compounds of the above kinds, in which the last word is a noun, may become adjectives, meaning possessed of the quality denoted:—

āli-pēs (āla, wing, pēs, foot), wing-footed.

māgn-animus (māgnus, great, animus, soul), great-souled.

an-ceps (amb-, at both ends, caput, head), double.

Note Many compounds of the above classes appear only in the form of some further derivative, the proper compound not being found in Latin.

XML File