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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Denominative Verbs

262. Many ī- verbs or verbs of the Fourth Conjugation are formed from i- stems:—

mōlior, -īrī, to toil, from mōlēs (-is), mass.

fīniō, -īre, to bound, from fīnis, end.

sitiō, -īre, to thirst, from sitis, thirst.

stabiliō, -īre, to establish, from stabilis, stable.

a. Some arise by confusion from other stems treated as i- stems:—

bulliō, -īre, to boil, from bulla (stem bullā-), bubble.

condiō, -īre, to preserve, from condus (stem condo-), storekeeper.

īnsāniō, -īre, to rave, from īnsānus (stem īnsāno-), mad.

gestiō, -īre, to show wild longing, from gestus (stem gestu-), gesture.

Note— Some of this form are of doubtful origin: as, ōrdior, begin, cf. ōrdo and exōrdium. The formation is closely akin to that of verbs in -iō of the third conjugation (p. 102).

b. Some are formed with -iō from consonant stems:—

cūstōdiō, -īre, to guard, from cūstōs (stem cūstōd-), guardian.

fulguriō, -īre, to lighten, from fulgur, lightning.

Note Here probably belong the so-called desideratives in -uriō (see § 263 . 4. N.).

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