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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Denominative Verbs

259. 1. Verbs of the First Conjugation are formed directly from ā- stems, regularly with a transitive meaning: as, fuga, flight; fugāre, put to flight.

.2. Many verbs of the First Conjugation are formed from o- stems, changing the o- into ā-. These are more commonly transitive:—

    stimulō, -āre, to incite , from stimulus, a good (stem stimulo-).

    aequō, -āre, to make even, from aequus, even (stem aequo-).

    hībernō, -āre, to pass the winter, from hībernus, of the winter (stem hīberno-).

    albō, -āre, to whiten, from albus, white (stem albo-).

    piō, -āre, to expiate, from pius, pure (stem pio-).

    novō, -āre, to renew, from novus, new (stem novo-).

    armō, -āre, to arm, from arma, arms (stem armo-).

    damnō, -āre, to injure, from damnum, injury (stem damno-).

.3. A few verbs, generally intransitive, are formed by analogy from consonant and i- or u-stems, adding ā to the stem:—1

    vigilō, -āre, to watch, from vigil, awake.

    exsulō, -āre, to be in exile, from exsul, an exile.

    auspicor, -ārī, to take the auspices, from auspex (stem auspic-), augur.

    pulverō, -āre, to turn (anything) to dust, from pulvis (stem pulver- for pulvis-), dust.

    aestuō, -āre, to surge, boil, from aestus (stem aestu-), tide, seething

    levō, -āre, to lighten, from levis (stem levi-), light.

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The type of all or most of the denominative formations in §§ 259 - 262 was inherited, but the process went on in the development of Latin as a separate language.