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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Nouns with Adjective Suffixes

254. Many fixed forms of the Nominal Adjective suffixes men tioned in the preceding sections, make Nouns more or less regularly used in particular senses:—

  1. -ārius, person employed about anything:—

    argent-ārius, M., silversmith, broker, from argentum, silver.

    Corinthi-ārius, M., worker in Corinthian bronze (sarcastic nickname of Augustus), from (aes) Corinthium , Corinthian bronze.

    centōn-ārius, M., ragman, from centō, patchwork.

  2. -āria, thing connected with something:—

    argent-āria, F., bank, from argentum, silver.

    arēn-āriae, F., plural, sandpits, from arēna, sand.

    Asin-āria, F., name of a play, from asinus, ass.1

  3. -ārium, place of a thing (with a few of more general meaning):—

    aer-ārium, N., treasury, from aes, copper.

    tepid-ārium, N., warm bath, from tepidus, warm.

    sūd-ārium, N., a towel, cf. sūdō, -āre, sweat.

    sal-ārium, N., salt money, salary, from sāl, salt.

    calendārium, N., a note-book, from calendae, calends.

  4. -tōria (-sōria):—

    Agitā-tōria, F., a play of Plautus, The Carter, from agitātor.

    vor-sōria, F., a tack (nautical), from vorsus, a turn.

  5. -tōrium (-sōrium), place of action (with a few of more general meaning):

    dēvor-sōrium, N., an inn, as from dēvortō, turn aside.

    audī-tōrium, N., a lecture-room, as from audiō, hear.

    ten-tōrium, N., a tent, as from tendō, stretch.

    tēc-tōrium, N., plaster, as from tegō, tēctus, cover.

    por-tōrium, N., toll, cf. portō , carry, and portus, harbor.

  6. -īle, animal-stall:

    bov-īle, N., cattle-stall, from bōs, bŏvis, ox, cow.

    ov-īle, N., sheepfold, from ovis, stem ovi-, sheep.

  7. -al for -āle, thing connected with the primitive:—

    capit-al, N., headdress, capital crime, from caput , head.

    penetr-āle (especially in plural), N., inner apartment, cf. penetrō , enter.

    Sāturn-ālia, N. plural (the regular form for names of festivals), feast of Sat urn , from Sāturnus.

  8. -ētum, N. (cf. -ātus, -ūtus, see § 246 . N.), -tum, place of a thing, especially with names of trees and plants to designate where these grow:

    querc-ētum, N., oak grove, from quercus, oak.

    olīv-ētum, N., olive grove, from olīva, an olive tree.

    salic-tum, N., a willow thicket, from salix, a willow tree.

    Argil-ētum, N., The Clay Pit, from argilla, clay.

  9. -cus (sometimes with inserted i, -icus ), -īcus, in any one of the genders, with various meanings:—

    vīli-cus, M., a steward, vīli-ca, F., a stewardess, from vīlla, farm-house.

    fabr-ica, F., a workshop, from faber, workman.

    am-īcus, M., am-īca, F., friend, cf. amāre, to love.

    būbul-cus, M., ox-tender, from būb-ulus, diminutive, cf. bōs , ox.

    cant-icum, N., song, from cantus, act of singing.

    rubr-īca, F., red paint, from ruber, red.

  10. -eus, -ea, -eum, with various meanings:—

    alv-eus, M., a trough, from alvus, the belly.

    capr-ea, F., a wild she-goat, from caper, he-goat.

    flamm-eum, N., a bridal veil, from flamma, flame, from its color.

  11. -ter (stem tri- ), -aster , -ester :—

    eques-ter, M., knight, for †equet-ter .

    sequ-ester, M., a stake-holder, from derivative of sequor, follow.

    ole-aster, M., wild olive, from olea, an olive tree.

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Notes
1
Probably an adjective with fābula , play , understood.