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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Verbal Adjectives

253. Verbal Adjectives that are Participial in meaning are formed with the suffixes—

-ndus, -bundus, -cundus

a. -ndus (the same as the gerundive ending) forms a few active or reflexive adjectives:—

secu-ndus, second (the following), favorable;sequī, to follow.
rotu-ndus, round (whirling)1;rotāre, to whirl.

b. -bundus , -cundus , denote a continuance of the act or quality expressed by the verb:—

vītā-bundus, avoiding;vītāre, to shun.
treme-bundus, trembling;tremere, to tremble.
mori-bundus, dying, at the point of death;morīrī, to die.
fā-cundus, eloquent;fārī, to speak.
fē-cundus, fruitful;root , nourish.
īrā-cundus, irascible;cf. īrāscī, to be angry.
Note These must have been originally nominal: as in the series, rubus, red bush; rubidus (but no †rubicus ), ruddy; Rubicōn, Red River (cf. Miniō, a river of Etruria; Minius, a river of Lusitania); rubicundus (as in averruncus, homun-culus). So turba, commotion; turbō, a top; turbidus, roily, etc. Cf. apexabō, longabō, gravēdō, dulcēdō.

c. Here belong also the participial suffixes -minus, -mnus (cf. Greek -μενος), from which are formed a few nouns in which the participial force is still discernible:—2

fē-mina, woman (the nourisher);root , nourish.
alu-mnus , a foster-child, nursling;alere, to nourish.

XML File

Cf. ‘volvendīs mēnsibus’ (Aen. 1.269) , in the revolving months; cf. ‘oriundī ab Sabinīs’ (Liv. 1.17) , sprung from the Sabines , where oriundī = ortī .
Cf. § 163 . footnote 1.