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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Verbal Adjectives

252. Adjectives expressing passive qualities, but occasionally active, are formed by means of the suffixes—

-ilis, -bilis, -ius, -tilis (-silis)

frag-ilis, frail;frangere (FRAG), to break.
nō-bilis, well known, famous;nōscere (GNO), to know.
exim-ius, choice , rare (cf. ē-greg-ius );eximere, to take out, select.
ag-ilis, active;agere, to drive.
hab-ilis, handy;habēre, to hold.
al-tilis, fattened (see note);alere, to nourish.
Note Of these, -ius is primary, but is also used as secondary (cf. § 241 . b. N.). -ilis is both primary (as in agilis , fragilis) and secondary (as in similis , like , cf. ὅμος, ὅμαλος , English same); -bilis is in some way related to -bulum and -brum (§ 240 . N.); in -tilis and -silis, -lis is added to to- (so-), stem of the perfect participle: as, fossilis, dug up (from fossus, dug); volātilis, winged (from volātus , flight).

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