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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Nominal Adjectives

247. Adjectives of various meanings, but signifying in general made of or belonging to, are formed from nouns by means of the suffixes—

-eus, -ius, -āceus, -īcius, -āneus (-neus), -ticus

aur-eus, golden;

aurum, gold.
patr-ius, paternal;pater, a father.
uxōr-ius, uxorious;uxor, a wife.
ros-āceu , of roses;rosa, a rose.
later-īcius, of brick;later, a brick.
praesent-āneus, operating instantly;praesēns, present.
extr-āneus, external;extrā, without.
subterr-āneus, subterranean;sub terrā, underground.
salīg-neus, of willow;salix, willow.
volā-ticus , winged (volātus, a flight);volāre, to fly.
domes-ticus, of the house, domestic;domus, a house.
silvā-ticus, sylvan;silva, a wood.
Note-ius is originally primitive (§ 234 . 2.11); -eus corresponds to Greek -eios, eos, and has lost a y-sound (cf. yo-, § 234 . 2.11); -īcius and -āceus are formed by adding -ius and -eus to stems in ī-c-, ā-c- (suffix ko-, § 234 . 2.12); -neus is no- + -eus (§ 234 . 2.4); -āneus is formed by adding -neus to ā- stems; -ticus is a formation with -cus (cf. hosti-cus with silvā-ticus), and has been affected by the analogy of participial stems in to- (nominative -tus ).

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