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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Nominal Adjectives

244. Patronymics, indicating descent or relationship , are formed by adding to proper names the suffixes—

-adēs, -idēs, -īdēs, -eus, M.; -ās, -is, -ēis, F.

These words, originally Greek adjectives, have almost all become nouns in Latin:—

Atlās: Atlanti-adēs, Mercury; Atlant-idĕs (Gr. plur.), the Pleiads.

Scīpiō: Scīpi-adēs, son of Scipio.

Tyndareus: Tyndar-idēs, Castor or Pollux, son of Tyndarus; Tyndar-is, Helen, daughter of Tyndarus.

Anchīsēs: Anchīsi-adēs, Æneas, son of Anchises.

Thēseus: Thēs-īdēs, son of Theseus.

Tȳdeus: Tȳd-īdēs, Diomedes, son of Tydeus.

Oīleus: Âiāx Oīl-eus, son of Oileus.

Cisseus: Cissē-is, Hecuba, daughter of Cisseus.

Thaumās: Thaumant-iās, Iris, daughter of Thaumas.

Hesperus: Hesper-ides (from Hesper-is, -idis ), plur., the daughters of Hesperus, the Hesperides.

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