A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


220. Prepositions are regularly used either with the Accusative or with the Ablative.

a. The following prepositions are used with the Accusative:—

ad , to.circiter , about.intrā , inside.
adversus , against.cis , citrā , this side.iūxtā , near.
adversum , towards.contrā , against.ob , on account of.
ante , before.ergā , towards.penes , in the power of.
apud , at , near.extrā , outside.per , through.
circā , around.īnfrā , below.pōne , behind.
circum , around.inter , among.post , after.
praeter , beyond.secundum , next to.ultrā , on the further side.
prope , near.suprā , above.versus , towards.
propter , on account of.trāns , across.

b. The following prepositions are used with the Ablative:— 1

ā , ăb , abs , away from, by.ē , ex , out of.
absque , without , but for.prae , in comparison with.
cōram , in presence of.prō , in front of, for.
cum , with.sine , without.
, from.tenus , up to, as far as.

c. The following may be used with either the Accusative or the Ablative, but with a difference in meaning:—

in , into , in.sub , under.
subter , beneath.super , above.

In and sub , when followed by the accusative, indicate motion to, when by the ablative, rest in, a place:

vēnit in aedīs, he came into the house; erat in aedibus, he was in the house.

disciplīna in Britanniā reperta atque inde in Galliam trānslāta esse exīstimātur, the system is thought to have been discovered in Great Britain and thence brought over to Gaul.

sub īlice cōnsederat, he had seated himself under an ilex.

sub lēgēs mittere orbem, to subject the world to laws (to send the world under laws).

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For palam etc., see § 432 .