A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

DEFECTIVE VERBS

205. Some verbs have lost the Present System, and use only tenses of the Perfect, in which they are inflected regularly. These are—

  coepī,1 I beganōdī,2 I hatememinī,3 I remember
 INDICATIVE 
PERFECTcoepīōdīmeminī
PLUPERFECTcoeperamōderammemineram
FUTURE PERFECTcoeperōōderōmeminerō
 SUBJUNCTIVE
PERFECTcoeperimōderimmeminerim
PLUPERFECTcoepissemōdissemmeminissem
 IMPERATIVE
mementō
mementōte
 INFINITIVE
PERFECTcoepisseōdissememinisse
FUTUREcoeptūrus esseōsūrus esse
PARTICIPLES
PERFECTcoeptus, begun ōsus, hating or hated
FUTUREcoeptūrusōsūrus, likely to hate

 

a. The passive of coepī is often used with the passive infinitive: as, coeptus sum vocārī , I began to be called , but coepī vocāre , I began to call. For the present system incipiō is used.

Note— Early and rare forms are coepiō , coepiam , coeperet , coepere .

b. The Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect of ōdī and meminī have the meanings of a Present, Imperfect, and Future respectively:—

ōdī, I hate; ōderam, I hated (was hating); ōderō, I shall hate.

Note 1— A present participle meminēns is early and late.

Note 2— Nōvī and cōnsuēvī (usually referred to nōscō and cōnsuēscō ) are often used in the sense of I know (have learned) and I am accustomed (have become accustomed) as preteritive verbs. Many other verbs are occasionally used in the same way (see 476. N.).

XML File

Notes
1
Root AP (as in apīscor ) with co (n-).
2
Root OD, as in ŏdium .
3
Root MEN, as in mēns .