A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

IRREGULAR VERBS

203. , go. 1

PRINCIPAL PARTS: , īre , ( īvī ), ĭtum

INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENT, īs, iteam, eās, eat
īmus, ītis, eunteāmus, eātis, eant
IMPERFECTībam, ībās, ībatīrem, īrēs, īret
ībāmus, ībātis, ībantīrēmus, īrētis, īrent
FUTUREībō, ībis, ībit
ībimus, ībitis, ībunt
PERFECT (īvī) ierim (īverim)
PLUPERFECT ieram (īveram) īssem ( īvissem)
FUTURE PERFECT ierō (īverō)
 IMPERATIVE
PRESENTīFUTUREītō, ītōte
īteītō, euntō
 INFINITIVE
PRESENT īre PERFECT īsse (īvisse)FUTURE itūrus esse
 PARTICIPLES
PRESENT iēns, gen. euntisFUTURE itūrusGERUNDIVE eundum
GERUND eundī, -dō, -dum, -dōSUPINE itum, itū

a. The compounds adeō, approach , ineō, enter , and some others, are tran sitive. They are inflected as follows in the passive:—

INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PRES.adeorIMPF. adībarPRES. adear
adīrisFUT. adīborIMPF. adīrer
adīturPERF. aditus sumPERF. aditus sim
adīmurPLUP. aditus eramPLUP. aditus essem
adīminīF. P. aditus erō
adeuntur
INFIN.adīrīaditus essePART. aditus adeundus

Thus inflected, the forms of are used impersonally in the third person singular of the passive: as, itum est (§ 208 . d). The infinitive īrī is used with the supine in -um to make the future infinitive passive (§ 193 . N.). The verb vēneō , be sold (i.e. vēnum eō, go to sale), has also several forms in the passive.

b. In the perfect system of the forms with v are very rare in the simple verb and unusual in the compounds.

e. ii before s is regularly contracted to ī as, īsse.

d. The compound ambiō is inflected regularly like a verb of the fourth conjugation. But it has also ambībat in the imperfect indicative.

e. Prō with retains its original d: as, prōdeō, prōdīs, prōdit.

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Notes
1
The root of is EI (weak form I). This ei becomes ī except before a , o , and u , where it becomes e (cf. , eam , eunt ). The strong form of the root, ī , is shortened before a vowel or final -t ; the weak form, ĭ , appears in itum and itūrus .