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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

IRREGULAR VERBS

201. Edō , edere , ēdī , ēsum , eat , is regular of the third conjugation, but has also an archaic present subjunctive and some alternative forms directly from the root (ED), without the thematic vowel. These are in full-faced type.

ACTIVE
INDICATIVE
PRESENT edō, edis (ēs 1), edit (ēst)
edimus , editis (ēstis), edunt
IMPERFECTedēbam , edēbās , etc.
SUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENT edam (edim), edās (edīs), edat (edit)
edāmus (edīmus), edātis (edītis), edant (edint)
IMPERFECT ederem , ederēs (ēssēs), ederet (ēsset)
ederēmus (ēssēmus), ederētis (ēssētis), ederent (ēssent)
IMPERATIVE
SingularPlural
PRESENT ede (ēs) edite (ēste)
FUTURE editō (ēstō) editōte (ēstōte)
editō (ēstō)eduntō
INFINITIVEPARTICIPLES
PRESENT edere (ēsse)PRESENTedēns , -entis
PERFECTēdisseFUTURE ēsūrus2
FUTUREēsūrus esse
GERUND
edendī, -dō, -dum, -dō
SUPINE
ēsum, ēsū 3

 

a. In the Passive the following irregular forms occur in the third person singular: Present Indicative ēstur, Imperfect Subjunctive ēssētur.

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Notes
1
In ēs etc. the e is long. In the corresponding forms of sum , e is short. The difference in quantity between ĕdō and ēs etc. depends upon inherited vowel variation (§ 17 . a ).
2
Old forms are ēssūrus and supine ēssum .
3
Old forms are ēssūrus and supine ēssum .