A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

IRREGULAR VERBS

200. Ferō , bear , carry , endure1

PRINCIPAL PARTS: ferō, ferre,2 tulī, lātum

PRESENT STEM fer-PERFECT STEM tul-SUPINE STEM lāt-
ACTIVEPASSIVE
INDICATIVE
PRESENTferōferimusferorferimur
fersfertis ferris (-re)feriminī
fertferuntferturferuntur
IMPERFECTferēbamferēbar
FUTUREferamferar
PERFECTtulīlātus sum
PLUPERFECTtuleramlātus eram
FUTURE PERFECTtulerōlātus erō
ActivePassive
SUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENTferamferar
IMPERFECT ferrem3ferrer
PERFECTtulerimlātus sim
PLUPERFECTtulissemlātus essem
IMPERATIVE
PRESENTferferteferreferiminī
FUTUREfertōfertōtefertor
fertōferuntōfertorferuntor
INFINITIVE
PRESENTferreferrī
PERFECTtulisselātus esse
FUTURElātūrus esselātum īrī
PARTICIPLES
PRESENTferēns , -entisPERFECTlātus
FUTURElātūrusGERUNDIVEferendus
 GERUNDSUPINE
 ferendī , -dō, -dum, -dō lātum , lātū

a. The compounds of ferō, conjugated like the simple verb, are the following:—

ad-adferōadferreattulīallātum
au- , ab-auferōauferreabstulīablātum
con-cōnferōcōnferrecontulīcollātum
dis- , dī-differōdifferredistulīdīlātum
ex- , ē-efferōefferreextulīēlātum
in-īnferōīnferreintulīillātum
ob-offerōofferreobtulīoblātum
re-referōreferrerettulīrelātum
sub-sufferōsufferre sustulī sublātum 4
Note— In these compounds the phonetic changes in the preposition are especially to be noted. ab- and au- are two distinct prepositions with the same meaning.

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Notes
1
Ferō has two independent stems: fer- in the present system, and tul- (for tol- ) in the perfect from TOL, root of tollō . The perfect tetulī occurs in Plautus . In the participle the root is weakened to tl- , lātum standing for † tlātum (cf. τλητός ).
2
Ferre , ferrem , are for † fer-se , † fer-sēm (cf. es-se , es-sem ), s being assimilated to preceding r ; or ferre , ferrem , may be for † ferese , † feresēm (see § 15 . 4).
3
See note 3, page 110.
4
Sustulī and sublātum also supply the perfect and participle of the verb tollō .