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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

DEPONENT VERBS

191. More than half of all deponents are of the First Conjugation, and all of these are regular. The following deponents are irregular:—

adsentior, -īrī, adsēnsus, assent.nītor, -ī, nīsus (nīxus), strive.
apīscor, (-ip-), , aptus (-eptus), get.oblīvīscor, , oblītus, forget.
dēfetīscor, , -fessus, faint.opperior, -īrī, oppertus, await.
expergīscor, , -perrēctus, rouse.ōrdior, -īrī, ōrsus, begin.
experior, -īrī , expertus, try.orior, -īrī, ortus (oritūrus), rise (3d conjugation in most forms).
fateor, -ērī, fassus, confess.pacīscor, , pactus, bargain.
fruor, -ī, frūctus (fruitus), enjoy.patior (-petior), , passus (-pessus), suffer.
fungor, , fūnctus, fulfil.-plector, , -plexus, clasp.
gradior (-gredior), , gressus, step.proficīscor, , profectus, set out.
īrāscor, , īrātus, be angry.queror, , questus, complain.
lābor, , lāpsus, fall.reor, rērī, ratus, think.
loquor, , locūtus, speak.revertor, , reversus, return.
mētior, -īrī, mēnsus, measure.ringor, , rictus, snarl.
-minīscor, , -mentus, think.sequor, , secūtus, follow.
morior, (-īrī), mortuus (moritūrus), die.tueor, -ērī, tuitus (tūtus), defend.

nancīscor, -ī, nactus (nānctus), find.

ulcīscor, , ultus, avenge.
nāscor, , nātus, be born.ūtor, , ūsus, use, employ.

Note— The deponent comperior, -īrí, compertus, is rarely found for comperiō, -īre. Revertor, until the time of Augustus, had regularly the active forms in the perfect system. revertī. reverteram, etc.

 

a. The following deponents have no supine stem:—

dēvertor, -tī, turn aside (to lodge).medeor, -ērī , heal.
diffiteor, -ērī, deny.reminīscor, , call to mind.
fatīscor, , gape.vescor, , feed upon.
līquor, , melt (intrans.).

Note— Deponents are really passive (or middle) verbs whose active voice has disappeared. There is hardly one that does not show signs of having been used in the active at some period of the language.

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