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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

DEPONENT VERBS

190. Deponent Verbs have the forms of the Passive Voice, with an active or reflexive signification:—

PRINCIPAL PARTSFirst conjugation: mīror, mīrārī, mīrātus, admire.
Second conjugation: vereor, verērī, veritus, fear.
Third conjugation: sequor, sequī, secūtus, follow.
Fourth conjugation: partior, partīrī, partītus, share.
INDICATIVE
PRES.mīrorvereorsequorpartior
mīrāris (-re) verēris (-re) sequeris (-re) part īris (-re)
mīrāturverētursequiturpartītur
mīrāmurverēmursequimurpartīmur
mīrāminīverēminīsequiminīpartīminī
mīranturverentursequunturpartiuntur
IMPF.mīrābarverēbarsequēbarpartiēbar
FUT.mīrāborverēborsequarpartiar
PERF.mīrātus sumveritus sumsecūtus sumpartītus sum
PLUP.mīrātus eramveritus eramsecūtus erampartītus eram
F. P.mīrātus erōveritus erōsecūtus erōpartītus erō
SUBJUNCTIVE
PRES.mīrerverearsequarpartiar
IMPF.mīrārerverērersequerer par īrer
PERF.mīrātus simveritus simsecūtus simpartītus sim
PLUP.mīrātus essemveritus essemsecūtus essempartītus essem
IMPERATIVE
PRES.mīrāreverēresequerepartīre
FUT.mīrātorverētorsequitorpartītor
INFINITIVE
PRES.mīrārīverērīsequīpartīrī
PERF.mīrātus esseveritus essesecūt us essepartītus esse
FUT.mīrātūrus esseveritūrus essesecūtūrus essepartītūrus esse
PARTICIPLES
PRES.mīrānsverēnssequēnspartiēns
FUT.mīrātūrusveritūrussecūtūruspartītūrus
PERF.mīrātusveritussecūtuspartītus
GER.mīrandusverendussequenduspartiendus
GERUND
mīrandī, , etc.verendī, etc.sequendī, etc.partiendī, etc.
SUPINE
mīrātum, -tūveritum, -tūsecūtum, -tūpartītum, -tū

a. Deponents have the participles of both voices:—

sequēns, following.secūtūrus, about to follow.
secūtus, having followed.sequendus, to be followed.

b. The perfect participle generally has an active sense, but in verbs otherwise deponent it is often passive: as, mercātus, bought; adeptus, gained (or having gained).

c. The future infinitive is always in the active form: thus, sequor has secūtūrus (-a, -um) esse (not secūtum īrī).

d. The gerundive, being passive in meaning, is found only in transitive verbs, or intransitive verbs used impersonally:—

hōc cōnfitendum est, this must be acknowledged.

moriendum est omnibus, all must die.

e. Most deponents are intransitive or reflexive in meaning, corresponding to what in Greek is called the Middle Voice (§ 156 . a. N.).

f. Some deponents are occasionally used in a passive sense: as, crīminor, I accuse, or I am accused.

g. About twenty verbs have an active meaning in both active and passive forms: as, mereō or mereor, I deserve.

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