A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

VERBS/ FIRST CONJUGATION (ā-STEMS)— ACTIVE VOICE

184. The First Conjugation includes all verbs which add ā- to the root to form the present stem, with a few whose root ends in a-. The verb amō, love, is conjugated as follows:—

PRINCIPAL PARTS: Present Indicativeamō, Present Infinitive amāre, Perfect Indicative amāvī, Supine amātum.

PRESENT STEM amā-PERFECT STEM amāv-SUPINE STEM amāt-
INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENT
amō,1 I love, am loving, do love amem2
amās, thou lovest (you love) amēs
amat, he (she , it) loves amet
amāmus, we loveamēmus
amātis, you loveamētis
amant, they love ament
IMPERFECT
amābam, I loved, was loving, did love amārem
amābās, you lovedamārēs
amābat, he lovedamāret
amābāmus, we lovedamārēmus
amābātis, you lovedamārētis
amābant, they lovedamārent
FUTURE
amābō, I shall love
amābis, you will love
amābit, he will love
amābimus, we shall love
amābitis, you will love
amābunt, they will love
INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE  
PERFECT
amāvī, I loved, have lovedamāverim  
amāvistī, you lovedamāveris  
amāvit, he lovedamāverit  
amāvimus, we lovedamāverimus  
amāvistis, you lovedamāveritis  
amāvērunt (-ēre), they lovedamāverint  
PLUPERFECT
amāveram, I had lovedamāvissem  
amāverās, you had lovedamāvissēs  
amāverat, he had lovedamāvisset  
amāverāmus, we had lovedamāvissēmus  
amāverātis, you had lovedamāvissētis  
amā erant, they had lovedamāvissent  
FUTURE PERFECT
SingularPlural  
amāverō, I shall have lovedamāverimus, we shall have loved  
amāveris, you will have lovedamāveritis, you will have loved  
amāverit, he will have lovedamāverint, they will have loved  
IMPERATIVE

PRESENT

 

amā, love thou

 

amāte , love ye

 

FUTURE

 

amātō, thou shalt love

 

amātōte, ye shall love

 

 

amātō, he shall loveamantō, they shall love  
INFINITIVE
PRESENT amāre, to love
PERFECT

amāvisse or

amāsse, to have loved

FUTURE amātūrus esse, to be about to love
PARTICIPLES
PRESENT amāns, -antis, loving
FUTUREamātūrus, -a, -um, about to love
GERUND
GENITIVE amandī, of loving ACCUSATIVE amandum, loving
DATIVE amandō, for lovingABLATIVE amandō, by loving
SUPINE
amātum, to loveamātū, to love  

VERBS/ FIRST CONJUGATION (ā-STEMS)— PASSIVE VOICE

PRINCIPAL PARTS: : Present Indicative amor, Present Infinitive amari, Perfect Indicative amatus sum.3

Present stem ama-    Supine stem amat-
INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENT
amor,4 I am loved, being lovedamer5
amāris (-re), you are loved amēris (-re)
amātur, he is loved  amētur
amāmur, we are loved amēmur
amāminī, you are loved amēminī
amantur, they are loved amentur
IMPERFECT
amābar, I was loved, being loved amārer
amābāris, you were loved amārēris
amābātur, he was loved amārētur
amābāmur, we were loved amārēmur
amābāminī, you were lovedamārēminī
amābantur, they were loved amārentur
FUTURE
amābor, I shall be loved
amāberis, you will be loved
amābitur , he will be loved
amābimur, we shall be loved
amābiminī, you will be loved
amābuntur, they will be loved
INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE
PERFECT
amātus sum, I was loved amātus sim6
amātus es, you were loved amātus sīs
amātus est, he was loved amātus sit
amātī sumus, we were loved amātī sīmus
amātī estis, you were loved amātī sītis
amātī sunt, they were loved amātī sint
PLUPERFECT
amātus eram6, I had been loved amātus essem6
amātus erās, you had been loved amātus essēs
amātus erat, he had been loved   amātus esset
amātī erāmus, we had been loved amātī essēmus
amātī erātis, you had been loved amātī essētis
amātī erant, they had been loved amātī essent
FUTURE PERFECT
Singular Plural
amātus erō, I shall have been loved amātī erimus, we shall have been loved
amātus eris, you will have been loved amātī eritis, you will have been loved
amātus erit, he will have been loved amātī erunt, they will have been loved
IMPERATIVE

PRESENT

 

amāre, be thou loved

 

amāminī, be ye loved

FUTURE amātor, thou shalt be loved ------

 

amātor, he shall be loved amantor, they shall be loved
INFINITIVE
PRESENT amārī, to be loved
PERFECT

amātus esse, to have been loved

FUTURE amātum iri, to be about to be loved
PARTICIPLES
PERFECT amātus, -a, -um, loved (beloved, or having been loved)
FUTURE (GERUNDIVE) amandus, -a, -um, to-be-loved (lovely)

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Notes
1
The stem-vowel ā- is lost before , and in the Present Subjunctive becomes ē-.
2
The translation of the Subjunctive varies widely according to the construction Hence no translation of this mood is given in the paradigms.
3
Fui, fuisti, etc., are sometimes used instead of sum, es, etc.; so also fueram instead of eram and fuero instead of ero. Similarly in the Perfect and Pluperfect Subjunctive fuerim, fueris, etc. are sometimes used instead of sim, sis, etc., and fuissem instead of essem.
4 The stem-vowel a- is lost before -or, and in the Present Subjunctive becomes e-.
5 The translation of the Subjunctive varies widely according to the construction. Hence no translation of this mood is given in the paradigms.
6 See page 94, footnote 1.