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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

VERBS/ Supine Stem

178. The Supine Stem may be found by dropping -um from the Supine. It is formed by adding t (or, by a phonetic change, s)—

a. To the present stem: as, amā-t-um , dēlē-t-um , audī-t-um.

b. To the root, with or without ĭ : as, cap-t-um ( capiō , CAP), moni-t-um ( moneō , MON used as root), cās-um (for †cad-t-um , CAD), lēc-t-um (LEG).

Note 1— By phonetic change dt and tt become s (dēfēnsum, versum for †dē-fendt-um, †vert-t-um); bt becomes pt (scrīp-t-um for †scrīb-t-um); gt becomes ct (rēc-t-um for †reg-t-um).1

Note 2— The modifications of the present stem sometimes appear in the supine: as, tīnc-t-um (tingō , TIG), tēn-s-um for †tend-t-um (ten-d-ō, TEN).

Note 3— The supine is sometimes from a lost or imaginary verb-stem: as, petī-t-um (as if from †peti-ō, †petī-re, PET).

Note 4— A few verbs form the supine stem in s after the analogy of verbs in d and t : as, fal-s-um (fallō), pul-s-um (pellō).

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Notes
1
For these modifications of the supine stem, see § 15 . 5, 6, 10.