A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

VERBS/ The Principal Parts

173. The regular forms of the Four Conjugations are seen in the following:—

First Conjugation:—

Active, amō, amāre, amāvī, amātum, love.

Passive, amor, amārī, amātu .

Present Stem amā , Perfect Stem amāv-, Supine Stem amāt-.

Second Conjugation:—

Active, dēleō, dēlēre, dēlēvī, dēlētum, blot out.

Passive, dēleor, dēlērī, dēlētus.

Present Stem dēlē-, Perfect Stem dēlēv-, Supine Stem dēlēt-.

In the Second conjugation, however, the characteristic ē- rarely appears in the perfect and perfect participle. The common type is, therefore:—

Active, moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum, warn.

Passive, moneor , monērī , monitus .

Present Stem monē- , Perfect Stem monu- , Supine Stem monit- .

Third Conjugation:—

Active, tegō, tegĕre, tēxī, tēctum, cover.

Passive, tegor, tegī, tēctus.

Present Stem tegĕ-, Perfect Stem tēx-, Supine Stem tēct-.

Fourth Conjugation:—

Active, audiō, audīre, audīvī, audītum, hear.

Passive, audior, audīrī, audītus.

Present Stem audī-, Perfect Stem audīv-, Supine Stem audīt-.

a. In many verbs the principal parts take forms belonging to two or more different conjugations (cf. § 189 ):—

1, 2, domō, domāre, domuī, domitum, subdue.

2, 3, maneō, manēre, mānsī, mānsum, remain.

3, 4, petō, petĕre, petīvī, petītum, seek.

4, 3, vinciō, vincīre, vīnxī, vīnctum, bind.

Such verbs are referred to the conjugation to which the Present stem conforms.

XML File