A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

VERB-ENDINGS

166. The Verb-endings, as they are formed by the signs for mood and tense combined with personal endings, are—

ACTIVEPASSIVE
INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVEINDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PRESENTPRESENT
SING.1. Vowel-Change: I, 1 to ē; II, to ; III, to ā; IV, to .-m-or Vowel-Change: as in Active.-r
2. -s-s -ris (-re) -ris (-re)
3. -t-t-tur-tur
PLUR.1. -mus-mus-mur-mur
2. -tis-tis-minī-minī
3. -nt-nt-ntur-ntur
IMPERFECTIMPERFECT
SING.1. -ba-m-re-m-ba-r-re-r
2. -bā-s-rē-s -bā-ris (-re) -rē-ris (-re)
3. -ba-t-re-t-bā-tur-rē-tur
PLUR.1. -bā-mus-rē-mus-bā-mur-rē-mur
2. -bā-tis-rē-tis-bā-minī-rē-minī
3. -ba-nt-re-nt-ba-ntur-re-ntur
INDICATIVEINDICATIVE
FUTUREFUTURE
I , II 1III, IVI, IIIII, IV 1
SING.1. -b-ōVowel-Change: as indicated in italics; verbs in - retaining i before these vowels.- a -m-bo-r Vowel-Change: as in Active.- a -r
2. -bi-s- ē -s -be-ris (-re) - ē -ris (-re)
3. -bi-t- e -t-bi-tur- ē -tur
PLUR.1. -bi-mus- ē -mus-bi-mur-mur
2. -bi-tis- ē -tis-bi-minī- ē -minī
3. -bu-nt- e -nt-bu-ntur- e -ntur
ActivePassive
INDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVEINDICATIVESUBJUNCTIVE
PERFECTPERFECT
SING.1. -eri -m -tus (-ta, -tum)sumsim
2. -is-tī-eri -sessīs
3. -i-t-eri -testsit
PLUR.1. -i-mus-eri -mus -tī (-tae, -ta)sumussīmus
2. -is-tis-eri -tisestissītis
3. -ēru-nt (-ēre)-eri -ntsuntsint
PLUPERFECTPLUPERFECT
SING.1. -era-m-isse -m -tus (-ta, -tum)eramessem
2. -erā-s-issē -serāsessēs
3. -era-t-isse -teratesset
PLUR.1. -erā-mus-issē -mus -tī (-tae, -ta)erāmusessēmus
2. -erā-tis-issē -tiserātisessētis
3. -era-nt-isse -nterantessent
FUTURE PERFECTFUTURE PERFECT
SING.1. -er-ō -tus (-ta, -tum)erō
2. -eri-seris
3. -eri-terit
PLUR.1. -eri-mus -tī (-tae, -ta)erimus
2. -eri-tiseritis
3. -eri-nterunt
IMPERATIVE
PRESENTPRESENT
SING. 2. ----PLUR. 2. -teSING. 2. -rePLUR. 2. -minī
FUTUREFUTURE
2. -tō2. -tōte2. -tor
3. -tō3. -ntō3. -tor3. -ntor

For convenience a table of the Noun and Adjective forms of the verb is here added.

INFINITIVE
PRES.-re (Pres. stem)I, II, IV .-rī ; III.
PERF.-isse (Perf. stem)-tus (-ta, -tum) esse
FUT. -tūrus (-a, -um) esse-tum īrī
PARTICIPLES
PRES.-ns, -ntisPERF.-tus, -ta, -tum
FUT.-tūrus, - , -umGER.-ndus, -nda, -ndum
GERUNDSUPINE
-ndī, -ndō, -ndum, -ndō-tum, -tū

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Notes
1
These numerals refer to the four conjugations given later (see § 171 ).