A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB/Noun and Adjective Forms

155. The following Noun and Adjective forms are also included in the inflection of the Latin Verb:—

a.Four Participles, 1 viz.:—

Active: the Present and Future Participles.

Passive: the Perfect Participle and the Gerundive. 2

b. The Gerund: this is in form a neuter noun of the second declension, used only in the oblique cases of the singular.

c. The Supine: this is in form a verbal noun of the fourth declension in the accusative (-um) and dative or ablative ()3 singular.

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The Participles are adjectives in inflection and meaning, but have the power of verbs in construction and in distinguishing time.
The Gerundive is also used as an adjective of necessity , duty , etc. (§ 158 . d ). In late use it became a Future Passive Participle.
Originally locative.