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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns

148. The Substantive Interrogative Pronoun quis, who? quid, what? is declined in the Singular as follows:—

M., F.N.
NOM.quisquid
GEN.cûiuscûius
DAT.cuicui
ACC.quemquid
ABL.quōquō

The Plural is the same as that of the Relative, quī, quae, quae.

a. The singular quis is either masculine or of indeterminate gender, but in old writers it is sometimes distinctly feminine.

b. The Adjective Interrogative Pronoun, quī, quae, quod, what kind of? what? which? is declined throughout like the Relative:—

SUBSTANTIVEADJECTIVE
quis vocat, who calls?quī homō vocat, what man calls?
quid vidēs, what do you see?quod templum vidēs, what temple do you see?
Note—But quī is often used without any apparent adjective force; and quis is very common as an adjective, especially with words denoting a person: as, quī nōminat mē? who calls my name? quis diēs fuit? what day was it? quis homō? what man? but often quī homō? what kind of man? nesciō quī sīs, I know not who you are.

c. Quisnam, pray, who? is an emphatic interrogative. It has both substantive and adjective forms like quis, quī.

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