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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Reflexive Pronouns

144. Reflexive Pronouns are used in the Oblique Cases to refer to the subject of the sentence or clause in which they stand (see § 299): as, sē amat, he loves himself.

a. In the first and second persons the oblique cases of the Personal pronouns are used as Reflexives: as, mē videō, I see myself; tē laudās, you praise yourself; nōbīs persuādēmus, we persuade ourselves.

b. The Reflexive pronoun of the third person has a special form used only in this sense, the same for both singular and plural. It is thus declined:—

GEN. suī, of himself, herself, itself, themselves

DAT. sibi, to himself, herself, itself, themselves

ACC. (sēsē), himself, herself, itself, themselves

ABL. (sēsē), [by] himself, herself, itself, themselves

Note 1— Emphatic and reduplicated forms of are made as in the personals (see § 143 . d, e). The preposition cum is added enclitically: as, sēcum, with himself. etc.

Note 2—An old form sēd occurs in the accusative and ablative.

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