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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Personal Pronouns

143. Ego and are declined as follows:—

FIRST PERSON
SingularPlural
NOM.ego, Inōs, we
GEN.meī, of menostrum, nostrī, of us
DAT.mihi (), to menōbīs, to us
ACC., menōs, us
ABL., by menōbīs, by us
SECOND PERSON
NOM, thou or youvōs, ye or you
GEN.tuī, of thee or you vestrum, vestrī; vostrum (-trī)
DAT.tibivōbīs
ACC.vōs
ABL.vōbīs

a. The plural nōs is often used for the singular ego; the plural vōs is never so used for the singular .

Note— Old forms are genitive mīs , tīs ; accusative and ablative mēd, tēd (cf. § 43 . N. 1).

b. The forms nostrum , vestrum , etc., are used partitively:

ūnusquisque nostrum, each one of us.

vestrum omnium, of all of you.

Note—The forms of the genitive of the personal pronouns are really the genitives of the possessives: meī, tuī, suī, nostri, vestrī, genitive singular neuter: nostrum, vestrum, genitive plural masculine or neuter. So in early and later Latin we find ūna vestrārum, one of you (women).

c. The genitives meī, tuī, suī, nostri, vestrī, are chiefly used objectively (§ 347 ):—

memor sīs nostrī, be mindful of us (me).

mē tuī pudet, I am ashamed of you.

d. Emphatic forms of are tūte and tūtemet (tūtimet). The other cases of the personal pronouns, excepting the genitive plural, are made emphatic by adding -met: as, egomet, vōsmet.

Note— Early emphatic forms are mēpte and tēpte.

e. Reduplicated forms are found in the accusative and ablative singular: as, mēmē, tētē.

e. The preposition cum, with, is joined enclitically with the ablative: as, tēcum loquitur, he talks with you.

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