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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

NUMERALS/ Numeral Adverbs

138. The Numeral Adverbs answer the question quotiēns (quotiēs), how many times? how often?

1semel, once 12 duodeciēns 40 quadrāgiēns
2bis, twice 13 terdeciēns 50 quīnquāgiēns
3ter, thrice 14 quaterdeciēns 60 sexāgiēns
4quater 15 quīndeciēns 70 septuāgiēns
5 quīnquiēns (-ēs) 1 16 sēdeciēns 80 octōgiēns
6sexiēns 17 septiēsdeciēns 90 nōnāgiēns
7septiēns 18 duodēvīciēns 100 centiēns
8octiēns 19 ūndēvīciēns 200 ducentiēns
9noviēns 20 vīciēns 300 trecentiēns
10deciēns 21 semel vīciēns, 2 etc. 1000 mīliēns
11ūndeciēns 30 trīciēns 10,000 deciēns mīliēns

a. Numeral Adverbs are used with mīlle to express the higher numbers:

ter et trīciēns (centēna mīlia) sēstertium, 3,300,000 sesterces (three and thirty times a hundred thousand sesterces).

vīciēs ac septiēs mīliēs (centēna mīlia) sēstertium, 2,700, 000,000 sesterces (twenty-seven thousand times a hundred thousand).

Note— These large numbers are used almost exclusively in reckoning money, and centēna mīlia is regularly omitted (see § 634).

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Notes
1
Forms in -ns are often written without the n .
2
Also written vīciēns et semel or vīciēns semel , etc.