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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

ADJECTIVES/Declension of Comparatives

120. Comparatives are declined as follows:—

melior , better STEM meliōr- for meliōs-plūs , more STEM plūr- for plūs-
SINGULAR
M., F.N.M., F.N.
NOM.meliormelius-----plūs
GEN.meliōrismeliōris-----plūris
DAT.meliōrīmeliōrī----------
ACC.meliōremmelius-----plūs
ABL. meliōre ( ) meliōre ( )-----plūre
PLURAL
NOM.meliōrēsmeliōraplūrēsplūra
GEN.meliōrummeliōrumplūriumplūrium
DAT.meliōribusmeliōribusplūribusplūribus
ACC. meliōrēs ( -īs)meliōra plūrēs (-īs)plūra
ABL.meliōribusmeliōribus plū ibusplūribus

 

a. All comparatives except plūs are declined like melior.

b. The stem of comparatives properly ended in ŏs- ; but this became or in the nominative masculine and feminine, and ōr- in all other cases except the nominative and accusative singular neuter, where s is retained and ŏ is changed to ŭ (cf. honŏr, -ōris; corpus, -ŏris). Thus comparatives appear to have two terminations.

c. The neuter singular plūs is used only as a noun. The genitive (rarely the ablative) is used only as an expression of value (cf. § 417). The dative is not found in classic use. The compound complūrēs, several, has sometimes neuter plural complūria.

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