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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Adjectives of One Termination of the Third Declension

117. The remaining adjectives of the third declension are Consonant stems; but most of them, except Comparatives, have the following forms of i- stems:— 1

  1. in the ablative singular (but often -e );
  2. -ia in the nominative and accusative plural neuter;
  3. -ium in the genitive plural;
  4. -īs (as well as -ēs ) in the accusative plural masculine and feminine.

In the other cases they follow the rule for Consonant stems.

a. These adjectives, except stems in l- or r-, form the nominative singular from the stem by adding s : as, atrōx (stem atrōc- + s), egēns (stem egent- + s). 2

b. Here belong the present participles in -ns (stem nt-)3 : as, amāns, monēns. They are declined like egēns (but cf. § 121).

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Notes
1
For details see § 121 .
2
Stems in nt- omit t before the nominative -s
3
Stems in nt- omit t before the nominative -s