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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

ADJECTIVES/ FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSIONS (ā- AND o-STEMS)

113. The following nine adjectives with their compounds have the Genitive Singular in -īus and the Dative in in all genders:

alius (N. aliud ), other.tōtus, whole.alter, -terīus, the other.
nūllus, no, none.ūllus, any.neuter, -trīus, neither.
sōlus, alone.ūnus, one.uter, -trīus, which (of two).

Of these the singular is thus declined:—

M.F.N.M.F.N.
NOM.ūnusūnaūnumuterutrautrum
GEN.ūnīus ū īusūnīusutrīusutrīusutrīus
DAT.ūnīūnīūnīutrīutrīutrī
ACC.ūnumūnamūnumutrumutr amutrum
ABL.ūnōūnāūnōutrōutrāutrō
M.F.N.M.F.N.
NOM.aliusaliaaliudalteralteraalterum
GEN.alīusalīusalīusalterīusalterīus alterīus
DAT.aliīaliīaliī alte īalterīalterī
ACC. aliumali amaliudalterumalteramalterum
ABL.aliōaliāaliōalterōalterāalterō

a. The plural of these words is regular, like that of bonus (§ 110 ).

b. The genitive in -īus , dative in , and neuter in -d are pronominal in origin (cf. illīus, illī, illud, and § 146).

c. The i of the genitive ending -īus, though originally long, may be made short in verse; so often in alterius and regularly in utriusque.

d. Instead of alīus , alterīus is commonly used, or in the possessive sense the adjective aliēnus , belonging to another, another's.

e. In compounds—as alteruter —sometimes both parts are declined, sometimes only the latter. Thus, alterī utrī or alterutrī, to one of the two.

Note— The regular genitive and dative forms (as in bonus ) are sometimes found in some of these words: as, genitive and dative feminine, aliae; dative masculine, aliō. Rare forms are alis and alid (for alius, aliud ).

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