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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

ADJECTIVES/ FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSIONS (ā- AND o-STEMS)

111. Stems ending in ro- preceded by e form the Nominative Masculine like puer (§ 47) and are declined as follows:—

miser, misera, miserum,wretched

MASCULINE STEM misero- FEMININE STEM miserā- NEUTER STEM misero-
SINGULAR
NOM. miser misera miserum
GEN. miserī miserae miserī
DAT. miserō miserae miserō
ACC. miserum miseram miserum
ABL. miserō miserā miserō
PLURAL
NOM. miserī miserae misera
GEN. miserōrum miserārum miserōrum
DAT. miserīs miserīs miserīs
ACC. miserōs miserās misera
ABL. miserīs miserīs miserīs

a. Like miser are declined apser, gibber, lacer, liber, prosper (also prosperus), satur (-ura, -urum), tener, with compounds of -fer and -ger: as saetiger, -era, -erum, bristle-bearing; also, ususally, dexter. In these the e belongs to the stem; but in dextra it is often omitted: as dextra manus, the right hand.

Note— Stems in ēro- (as prōcērus), with mōrigĕrus, propĕrus, have the regular nominative masculin in -us

b. The following lack a nominative singular masculine in the classic use: cetera, infera, postera, supera. They are rarely found in the singular except in certain phrases: as, postero die, the next day.

Note— An ablative feminine in ō is found in a few Greek adjectives: as, lectīcā octōphorō (Verr. v. 27)

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