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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

ADJECTIVES/ FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSIONS (ā- AND o-STEMS)

110. Adjectives of the First and Second Declensions (ā- and o- stems) are declined in the Masculine like servus, puer, or ager; in the Feminine like stella; and in the Neuter like bellum.

The regular type of an adjective of the First and Second Declensions is bonus, -a, -um, which is thus declined:—

bonus, bona, bonum, good

MASCULINE STEM bono-FEMININE STEM bonā-NEUTER STEM bono-
SINGULAR
NOM.bonusbonabonum
GEN.bonībonaebonī
DAT.bonōbonaebonō
ACC.bonumbonambonum
ABL.bonōbonābonō
VOC.bonebonabonum
PLURAL
NOM.bonībonaebona
GEN.bonōrumbonārumbonōrum
DAT.bonīsbonīsbonīs
ACC.bonōsbonāsbona
ABL.bonīsbonīsbonīs

Note— Stems in quo- have nominative -cus (-quos), -qua, -cum (-quom), accusative -cum (-quom), -quam, -cum (-quom), to avoid quu- (see §§ 6 . b and 46. N. 2). Thus,—

NOM. propincus (-quos) propinqua propincum (-quom)
GEN. propinquīpropinquaepropinquī, etc.

But most modern editions disregard this principle.

a. The Genitive Singular masculine of adjectives in -ius ends in -iī, and the Vocative in -ie; not in , as in nouns (cf. § 49 . b , c ); as, Lacedaemonius, -iī, -ie.

Note— The possessive meus , my , has the vocative masculine (cf. § 145).

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