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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

DEFECTIVE NOUNS/ Nouns wanting in the Singular

102. Some nouns of the above classes (§ 101 . 1-4), have a corresponding singular, as noun or adjective, often in a special sense:

  1. As noun, to denote a single object: as, Bacchānal, a spot sacred to Bacchus; optimās, an aristocrat.
  2. As adjective: as, Catō Mâior, Cato the Elder.
  3. In a sense rare, or found only in early Latin: as, scāla, a ladder, valva, a door; artus, a joint.

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