A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

DEFECTIVE NOUNS/ Nouns wanting in the Plural

100. Many of these nouns, however, are used in the plural in some other sense.

a. The plural of a proper name may be applied to two or more persons or places, or even things, and so become strictly common:—

duodecim Caesarēs , the twelve Cæsars.

Galliae , the two Gauls (Cis- and Transalpine).

Castores , Castor and Pollux; Iovēs , images of Jupiter.

b. The plural of names of things reckoned in mass may denote particular objects: as, aera, bronze utensils, nivēs, snowflakes; or different kinds of a thing: as, āerēs, airs (good and bad).

c. The plural of abstract nouns denotes occasions or instances of the quality, or the like:—

quaedam excellentiae , some cases of superiority; ōtia, periods of rest; calōrēs, frīgora, times of heat and cold.

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