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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Gender in the Third Declension

85. Masculine are nouns in -or, -ōs, -er, -ĕs (gen. -itis), -ex (gen. -ĭcis): as, color, flōs, imber, gurges (gurgitis), vertex (verticis).

Exceptions are the following:—

a. Feminine are arbor; cōs, dōs; linte .

b. Neuter are ador, aequor, cor, marmor; ōs (ōris); also os (ossis); cadāver, iter, tūber, ūber, vēr; and names of plants and trees in -er: as, acer, papāver.

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