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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Greek Nouns of the Third Declension

83. Other peculiarities are the following:—

a. Delphīnus, (M.), has also the form delphīn, -īnis; Salamīs, -is (F.) has acc. Salamīna.

b. Most stems in ĭd- (nom. -is) often have also the forms of i- stems: as tigris, gen. -ĭdis (-ĭdos) or -is; acc. -ĭdem (-ĭda) or -im (-in); abl. -ĭde or . But many, including most feminine proper names, have acc. -idem (-ida); abl. -ide ,—not -im or . (These stems are irregular also in Greek.)

c. Stems in on- sometimes retain -n in the nominative: as, Agamemnōn (or Agamemnō), genitive -ŏnis, accusative -ŏna.

d. Stems in ont- form the nominative in -ōn: as, horizōn, Xenophōn; but a few are occasionally Latinized into ōn- (nom . ): as, Dracō, -ōnis; Antiphō, -ōnis .

e. Like Simoīs are declined stems in ant-, ent-, and a few in ūnt- (nominative in -ās, -īs , -ūs): as, Atlās, -antis; Trapezūs, -ūntis.

f. Some words fluctuate between different declensions: as Orpheus between the second and the third.

g. -ōn is found in the genitive plural in a few Greek titles of books: as, Metamorphōseōn, of the Metamorphoses (Ovid's well-known poem); Geōrgicōn, of the Georgics (a poem of Virgil).

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