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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

THIRD DECLENSION/ Summary of i-Stems

78. The following have -um (not -ium) in the genitive plural:

  1. Always, canis, iuvenis, 1 ambāgēs, mare (once only, otherwise wanting), volucris ; regularly, sēdēs, vātēs.
  2. Sometimes, apis, caedēs, clādēs, mēnsis, struēs, subolēs.
  3. Very rarely,—patrials in -ās, -ātis; -īs, -ītis; as, Arpīnās, Arpīnātum, Samnīs, Samnītum.

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Notes
1
Canis and iuvenis are really n- stems