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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

THIRD DECLENSION/ Summary of i-Stems

75. The regular case-ending of the Accusative singular of i- stems (M. or F.) would be -im: as, sitis, sitim (cf. stella, -am; servus, -um); but in most nouns this is changed to -em (following the consonant declension).

a. The accusative in -im is found exclusively—

  1. In Greek nouns and in names of rivers.
  2. In būris , cucumis, rāvis, sitis, tussis, vīs.
  3. In adverbs in -tim (being accusative of nouns in -tis ), as, partim; and in amussim.

b. The accusative in -im is found sometimes in febris, puppis, restis, turris, secūris, sēmentis, and rarely in many other words.

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