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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

THIRD DECLENSION CONSONANT STEMS/ Mute Stems

56. Masculine and Feminine Nouns with mute stems form the Nominative by adding s to the stem.

A labial (p) is retained before s: as, prīncep-s .

A lingual (t, d) is dropped before s: as, mīles (stem mīlit-), cūstōs (stem cūstōd-).

A palatal (c, g) unites with s to form x: as, dux (for †duc-s), rēx (for †rēg-s).

a. In dissyllabic stems the final syllable often shows e in the nominative and i in the stem: as, prīnceps, stem prīncip- (for -cap-).

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