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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Greek Nouns of the Second Declension

52. Greek nouns of the Second Declension end in -os, -ōs, masculine or feminine, and in -on neuter.

They are mostly proper names and are declined as follows in the Singular, the Plural, when found, being regular:—

mȳthos , M.Athōs , M.Dēlos , F.Īlion , N.
fableAthosDelosIlium
SINGULAR
NOM.mȳthos Athōs ()DēlosĪlion
GEN. mȳthī Athō ()DēlīĪliī
DAT.mȳthōAthōDēlōĪliō
ACC.mȳthon Athōn (-um)Dēlon ( -umĪlion
ABL.mȳthōAthōDēlōĪliō
VOC.mȳtheAthōsDēleĪlion

a. Many names in -ēs belonging to the third declension have also a genitive in : as, Thūcȳdidēs, Thūcȳdidī (compare § 44 . b).

b. Several names in -er have also a nominative in -us : as, Teucer or Teucrus. The name Panthūs has the vocative Panthū (§ 81 . 3).

c. The genitive plural of certain titles of books takes the Greek termination -ōn : as, Geōrgicōn, of the Georgics.

d. The termination -oe (for Greek - οι) is sometimes found in the nominative plural: as, Adelphoe, the Adelphi (a play of Terence).

e. Greek names in -eus (like Orpheus) have forms of the second and third declensions (see § 82).

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