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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

SECOND DECLENSION (o-STEMS)

46. Nouns of the Second Declension in -us (-os) and -um (-om) are thus declined:—

  servus, M., slave  bellum, N., war  Pompêius, M., Pompey
  STEM servo-  STEM bello-  STEM Pompêio-
SINGULAR
CASE-ENDINGSCASE-ENDINGS
NOM. servus (-os) -us (-os)bellum-umPompêius
GEN. ser ībellīPompêī
DAT. servōbellōPompêiō
ACC. servum (-om) -um (-om)bellum-umPompêium
ABL.servōbellōPompêiō
VOC.serve-ebellum-um Pompêī (-ei)
PLURAL
NOM.servībella-aPompêī
GEN.servōrum-ōrumbellōrum-ōrumPompêiōrum
DAT.servīs-īsbellīs-īsPompêīs
ACC.serv ōs-ōsbella-aPompêiōs
ABL.servīs-īsbellīs-īsPompêīs

Note 1— The earlier forms for nominative and accusative were -os, -om, and these were always retained after u and v up to the end of the Republic. The terminations s and m are sometimes omitted in inscriptions: as, Cornēlio for Cornēlios, Cornēliom.

Note 2— Stems in quo-, like equo-, change qu to c before u. Thus, ecus (earlier equos), equī, equō, ecum (earlier equom), eque. Modern editions disregard this principle.

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