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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Greek Nouns of the First Declension

44. Many nouns of the First Declension borrowed from the Greek are entirely Latinized (as, aula, court); but others retain traces of their Greek case-forms in the singular.

Electra, F.synopsis, F.art of music, F.
NOM.Ēlectra ()epitomē mūsica ()
GEN.Ēlectraeepitomēs mūsicae (-ēs)
DAT.Ēlectraeepitomaemūsicae
ACC. Ēlectram (-ān)epitomēn mūsicam (-ēn)
ABL.Ēlectrāepitomē mūsicā ()
Andromache, F.Æneas, M.Persian, M.
NOM. Andromachē (-a)Aenēās Persēs (-a)
GEN. Andromachēs (-ae)AenēaePersae
DAT.AndromachaeAenēaePersae
ACC. Andromachēn (-am) Aenēān (-am) Persēn (-am)
ABL. Andromachē ()Aenēā Persē ()
VOC. Andromachē (-a) Aenēā (-a)Persa
Anchises, M.son of Æneas, M.comet, M.
NOM.Anchīsēs Aeneadēs (-a) comētēs (-a)
GEN.AnchīsaeAeneadaecomētae
DAT.AnchīsaeAeneadaecomētae
ACC. Anchīsēn (-am)Aeneadēn comētēn (-am)
ABL. Anchīsē () Aeneadē () comētā ()
VOC. Anchīsē ( , -a) Aeneadē (-a)comēta

There are (besides proper names) about thirty-five of these words, several being names of plants or arts: as, crambē, cabbage; mūsicē, music. Most have also regular Latin forms: as, comēta; but the nominative sometimes has the a long.

a. Greek forms are found only in the singular; the plural, when it occurs, is regular: as, comētae, -ārum, etc.

b. Many Greek nouns vary between the first, the second, and the third declensions: as, Boōtae (genitive of Boōtēs, -is), Thūcȳdidās (accusative plural of Thūcȳdidēs, -is). See § 52 . a and § 81 .

Note— The Greek accusative Scīpiadam, from Scīpiadēs, descendant of the Scipios, is found in Horace.

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