A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Root, Stem, and Base

27. The Base is that part of a word which is unchanged in inflection: as, serv- in servus; mēns- in mēnsa; īgn- in īgnis.

a. The Base and the Stem are often identical, as in many consonant stems of nouns (as, rēg- in rēg-is). If, however, the stem ends in a vowel, the latter does not appear in the base, but is variously combined with the inflectional termination. Thus the stem of servus is servo-; that of mēnsa, mēnsā-; that of īgnis, īgni-.

XML File