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Allen and Greenough/ NEw Latin Grammar

Accent

12. Words of two syllables are accented on the first syllable: as, Rō'ma, fi'dēs, tan'gō.

Words of more than two syllables are accented on the Penult 1 if that is long (as, amī'cus, monē'tur, contin'git); otherwise on the Antepenult (as, do'mĭnus, a'lăcris, dissociā'bĭlis).

a. When an enclitic is joined to a word, the accent falls on the syllable next before the enclitic, whether long or short: as, dĕă'que, ămārĕ've, tĭbĭ'ne, ită'que ( and ... so), as distinguished from i'tăque (therefore). So (according to some) ex'inde, ec'quando, etc.

Exceptions:

  1. Certain apparent compounds of faciō retain the accent of the simple verb: as, benefă'cit, calefă'cit (see § 266. a).

    Note— These were not true compounds, but phrases.

  2. In the second declension the genitive and vocative of nouns in -ius and the genitive of those in -ium retain the accent of the nominative: as, Cornē'lī, Vergi'lī , inge'nī (see § 49. c).
  3. Certain words which have lost a final vowel retain the accent of the complete words: as, illī'c for illī'ce, prōdū'c for prōdūce, sati'n for sati'sne.

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Notes
1
The Penult is the last syllable but one; the Antepenult, the last but two.