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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Syllables

7. Every Latin word has as many syllables as it has vowels or diphthongs:—

a-ci-ē, mo-nē, fī-li-us, fe-rō-ci-tā-te.

a. In the division of words into syllables a single consonant (including consonant i and v) between two vowels is written and pronounced with the following vowel. Doubled consonants are separated:—

pa-ter, mī-li-tēs, in-iū-ri-a, dī-vi-dō; mit-tō, tol-lō.

Note 1— Some extend the rule for single consonants to any consonant group (as sp, st, gn) that can begin a word. In this book, dīx-it, sax-um, etc. are preferred to dī-xit, sa-xum; the pronunciation was probably dīc-sit, sac-sum.

Note 2— A syllable ending with a vowel or diphthong is called open: all others are called close. Thus in pa-ter the first syllable is open, the second close.

b. In compounds the parts are separated:—

ab-est, ob-lātus, dis-cernō, du-plex, dī-stō.

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