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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

the body, 1.484; body, form, frame, size, 3.427; mass, corporeal universe, 6.727; strength, 12.920; a ghost, shade, 6.303; summum corpus, the surface of the body, 12.376.


the seashore, beach, strand; shore, coast, 1.3, et al.; shore, 6.900.


a horse, 1.156, et al.


to fall upon, attack, assail, 3.603; seek, 1.181; strike, 11.9; advance towards, 2.213; follow up, pursue, 5.226; make for, 1.158; repair to, 1.519; hasten, approach to, 1.717; greet, 1.611; aim at, 5.508; (fig.), assail, try, 4.675; purpose, intend, 2.151; apply to, solicit, entreat, beg, beseech, crave, ask, seek, 4.433, et al.; w. inf., 7.96; petere terram, fall prostrate upon the ground, 3.93.


(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.


(prep. w. abl.), out of from; of place, 3.554, and freq; down from, 2.410; of source, material, of, 5.266; (partitive), of, 2.659; (of time), after, from, since, 1.623; (of transition from one condition to another), 10.221; (of correspondence), in, 1.456; according to, after, 5.244; with, 8.621; ex eō, illō, quō (tempore), from that, from which, what, time; since, 8.268.


a king, freq.; chief, ruler, sovereign, 1.65; prince, 9.223.


to hold, in every sense, freq.; hold fast, grasp, 2.530; 12.754; cling to, 2.490; keep, hold, 1.482; inhabit, 1.12; gain, reach, 1.400; seize upon, 12.673; hold one's course through, traverse, 7.287; hold, direct one's way, 1.370; retain, 6.235; to have, inherit, 5.121; preserve, maintain, observe, 3.408; govern, rule, 1.236; detain, 1.670; withhold, forbid, 12.819; bind, control, 2.159; fill, possess, 1.132; keep in mind or memory; n., have possession, be master, 2.505; prīma tenēre, to take the lead, 10.157; sē tenēre, stand fast, 7.589. (rel. to tendō)


(adv.), here, there, 1.247, et al; of time, hereupon, thereupon, 1.728; now, then, here, 5.340; in this work, 10.73. (hīc)


to go; walk, come, 8.466; go forth, 2.578; depart, 2.111; issue, 4.130; advance, 12.903; move, appear, 4.149; ascend, 5.451; run down, flow, 9.434; hang, 5.558; enter upon, succeed to, inherit, 6.758; (w. cogn. acc.), to pursue, 4.468; (impers.), ītur, we, they, go, 9.641; p., iēns, euntis, going, etc., freq.


(prep. with abl.), with, 1.74, et al. With personal pronouns mē, tē, sē, etc., it is suffixed; as mēcum, tēcum, etc.; and usually with the relative; as quōcum, quibuscum, etc. In composition the archaic form com- is employed instead of cum; remaining unchanged before b, m, p; changed to con- before l, cor- before r, co- generally before vowels, h, and gn; and before all other letters, con-.


the sky, the firmament, the heavens; heaven, 1.225; region, 1.331; air, weather, 5.18; the upper world or abode of living men, as distinguished from Hades, 6.896; personif., Caelus, ī, m., the god Caelus, father of Saturn, 7.140.


the mouth, 1.559; visage, face, countenance, 12.101; language, speech, words, 2.423; an entrance, door, 6.53; opening, 2.482; ōs summum, the lips, 1.737; pl., ōra, features, face, visage, form, countenance, 4.499; images, 4.62; ante ōra, before one's face, 12.82.


(conj.), except that; but, yet, freq.; sed enim, but indeed, however, 1.19, et al.; sed autem, but yet, 2.101.


a missile weapon, freq.; a bolt, 1.665; shaft, arrow, 1.191; spear, lance, javelin, 1.99; weapon, 2.447; point, 12.387; blow or caestus, 5.438.


(adj.), such, in kind or nature; correlative to quālis, such, 1.503; such, of such sort or kind, 1.74; without quālis, such as has been said, 1.50; such as follows; this, 1.131; so distinguished, so great, 1.335; so critical, 11.303; introducing a comparison, 9.710.


to say, 1.81; speak of, mention, 4.43; celebrate; tell, rehearse, relate, recount, 1.753; sing, recite, 6.644; name, call, 1.277; pronounce, 6.231; declare, 12.112; disclose, portend, foretell, 3.362; bid, 5.551; speak, say, 3.312; announce, 1.137.


the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.


(prep. with abl. and acc.); (with abl.), under, (denoting situation); beneath, under, freq.; at the foot of, 3.5; in the lower part of a thing, in, 1.453; down in, deep in, 1.36; by, close, to, 5.837; (of time), in, 4.560; (of rank or order), just behind, next after, 5.323; close to, in subjection to, subordinate to, under, 9.643; by reason of, under, 2.83; (with acc.), denoting tendency, down to, 4.243; down under, into, 4.654; down before, 6.191; near to, 5.327; in the midst of, 12.811; (of approaching the foot of some high object), up to or close to, 2.442; to or towards, 6.541; (of some object situated above or on high), up to, towards, 3.422, et al.; of time, just before or after; following after, in reply to, 5.394; coming under, subject to, under, 4.618; sub noctem, at nightfall, 1.662.


(adj.), much, freq.; abundant, abounding, great, 3.151; powerful, 3.372; many a, 1.334; dense, thick, 1.412; pl., many, freq.; (compar.) plūs, plūris, n., more, freq.; pl., plūrēs, plūra, more, freq.; several, many; (superl.) plūrimus, a, um, the most; most abundant, greatest, 11.312; very much, abundant, great, 6.299; very large, high, 1.419; very many a, many a, 2.369; countless, 2.364.


the rational spirit or soul of man; freq., the mind, 1.464, et al.; design, intention, purpose, 4.639; mind, memory, 1.26; the heart; feeling, disposition, affection, inclination, 1.304, et al.; pl., animī, ōrum, m., lofty spirit, heroism, 6.782; daring; courage, confidence, 2.617; strength; passion; anger, rage, 1.57; arrogance, pride, 11.366; fury, 10.357; of things, life, velocity, 7.383.


(adv.), in this manner; in such a manner; so, thus; explanatory, 2.440, et al.; referring to a preceding participle, 1.225.


the earth; a land, country, 3.13; land as opposed to sea or water, 1.598, et al.; to air, sky, 4.184, et al.; ground, 1.395; an estate, a farm, 6.811; pl., terrae, ārum, lands, for the sing., 6.18; the world, all lands, 4.607; orbis terrārum, the world, the whole earth, 1.233; sub terrās, to the lower world, 4.654; terram petere, to fall upon the ground prostrate in awe and fear, 3.93; in death, 10.489.


(adv.), when, freq.; and then, 3.10; vel cum, then again, 11.406; (conj.), whereas, while, when, though, since, because, freq.


(adj.), mid, said of an inner point or part of a thing; midway, midst, 3.665, et al.; of one or of several objects, 1.440, et al.; of the location of a person or thing; intervening, between, 6.634; in the midst, 5.76; disturbing, untimely, 1.682; discordant, 1.348; subst., medius, iī, m., a mediator, 7.536.


(adj.), great, freq.; huge, enormous, 2.400; monstrous, vast, 3.658; mighty, giant-, 1.99; immense, 5.423; great, massive, 1.640; ponderous, 6.222; vast, spacious, 6.81; lofty, towering, 4.89; stately, 1.446; exalted, great, 2.325; dread, 7.241; fearful, 5.523.


a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.


a father, 1.60, et al.; sire, ancestor, forefather, 1.641; often for Jupiter, 1.60; applied to many of the gods, 5.241, et al; often to rivers and lakes; pl., parents, 2.579; elders, senators, fathers, chiefs, 4.682; pater Rōmānus, Augustus (or, perhaps, the Roman citizen), 9.449. (πατήρ)


raised high; high built, high, lofty, 5.489; on high, aloft, 11.837; high-born, noble, ancient, 4.230; renowned, 10.126; deep, deep or deeply, 12.357; subst., altum, ī, n., the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395; pl., alta, ōrum, high places, heights of heaven, 6.787; heights, hills, 11.797; battlements, 9.169; alta petere, to aim high, 5.508; comp., altior, ius, higher, taller, 8.162; superl., altissimus, a, um, very high, 8.234. (alō, rear, cause to grow)


conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)


a god, deity, 1.9, et al.; in general, god the deity, 6.749; a goddess, 2.632; the god Bacchus; (meton.), wine, 9.337.


a city, especially a walled city, 1.12, et al.


(prep. with abl.), from, in relations of space, time, source, cause, and agency; from, 1.371; following a substantive directly, with ellipsis of participle, 1.160; at, on, to, 7.106; from the direction, on the side of, 5.19; in respect to, 11.174; according to, 9.235; from a period or point of time, 2.87; since, after, 1.730; (of persons), by, 2.429; ā tergō, from the rear, behind, 1.186; ab ūsque, as far as from, even from, 7.289. In composition, ab is unchanged before vowels and before i(= j), h, b, d, l, n, r, s; becomes abs before c, q, t, as before p; ā in āfui from absum; and au is used in auferō, from ab and ferō, and in aufugiō, from ab and fugiō.


(num. adj., superl. of prior), first in space, time, order, degree, or dignity (usually referring to three or more); first, foremost, 5.151; front, fore-, 5.566; nearest, 2.32; first part of, 1.541; edge, border, outskirt of, 9.244; chief, 9.785; earliest, first, 1.345; for the first time, 11.573; as an adv., 1.442; 6.810, et al.; in the earliest times, 1.1; prīma proelia, the beginning of battle, 12.103; subst., prīmum, ī, n., the chief concern, affair, work, 8.408; prīmī, ōrum, m., foremost, first, 2.494; prīma, ōrum, n., the first place, front, van, 10.157; first prize, 5.194; adv., prīmum, first, 2.375; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306; prīmō, at first, in the beginning, 4.176; in prīmīs, or imprīmīs, especially, chiefly, 1.303.


(conj.), if, freq.; causal, if, indeed, since, 2.102; equivalent to cum, 5.64, et al.; whether, w. subj., 4.110; w. indic., 1.578; for Ō sī, would that, w. subj., 6.187.


the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.


to see or perceive, in all senses of the words, freq.; see to it, look to it; determine, 10.744; (pass.), vidērī, to be seen, 2.461, et al.; to seem, appear, 1.396, et al.; (impers.), vidētur, vīsum est, it seems to one, seems good, proper, is the will of; one thinks, judges, 2.428, et al.


(conj., indicating an actual and positive alternative, and not, like vel, leaving the choice to the mind), or, 1.70, et al.; but sometimes used indifferently with vel, ve, sive, 1.379; repeated, aut — aut, either — or, 1.396, et al.


(adv.), now, at this time, 4.283; even now; in our times, at the present time, 6.234.


1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.


(adv.), then, freq.; then too; at the same time, moreover, 4.250, et al.; referring to a perf. p., 5.719; answering to, cum, cum — tum, while — at the same time; both — and, not only — but; opposed to nunc, 10.14.


(adv.), at that time, at this time; even then, even now; already, 1.437, et al.; with tum, even, 1.18; w. imperat., at length, at once, 3.41, et al.; soon, presently, immediately, 4.566; then, at length, 1.272; marking a transition, now, 2.567, et al.; iam iam, emphatic, now indeed, 4.371; now, now, 2.530; iam dūdum, iam prīdem, already for some time, long, 1.580, et al.; iam inde, iam ab illō tempore, even from then or that time, 1.623; iam tum, even then; iam — iam, at one time, at another time, now — now; nōn iam, no longer, 4.431; iamdūdum, at once.


(adv.), not, freq.; sometimes for nē in prohibitions, 12.78.


to bear, bring, carry, 1.702; bear away, 2.374; bring against, 12.465; carry, drive, 1.536; bear, bring forth, breed; produce, give, 1.605; conduct, lead, 6.295; offer, 3.19; aim, 12.299; cast, throw, 2.570; move, 3.490; induce, cause, attend, 5.356; suffer, allow, 2.94; take away, 2.555; destroy, 2.600; bring, afford, 1.463; grant, put, 3.145; render, make, 3.529; derive, have (others supply sē w. ferēbat), 11.341; bear, suffer, endure, 2.131; carry or lift, in praises, exalt, extol; bring tidings, report, 1.645; bring to light, disclose, 2.158; propose, 10.150; relate, tell, say, 2.230; call, 7.208; impel, prompt, 6.675; direct, 2.34; require, 11.345; mē, tē, sē ferre, to bear, carry, present one’s self; move, stalk, 8.199; return, 7.492; go, 2.456; appear, 1.503; rise, 6.241; rush, 2.672; boast, 5.373; (pass.), ferrī, to be borne, carried, presented; to be rendered, to be, 4.110; rush, hurry, hasten, 2.337; ride, 5.587; march, 11.530; sail, 3.16; p., ferēns, of the wind, blowing; favoring, 4.430; sīgna ferre, to move the standards, move on to war, advance, 8.498; ferre manum, to engage in conflict, 5.403; ferre pedem, to come; return, go, 2.756.


arms, defensive and offensive, freq.; armor, 10.181; suits of armor, 8.565; (fig.), or warlike exploits, 1.1; conflict, 12.844; implements, equipments, instruments, utensils, 1.183; sails, 5.15; rudder, helm, 6.353; military power, warlike command, 12.192; war, conflict, 12.6; means of injury, weapons, 2.99; arma movēre (of the lion), to prepare for battle, 12.6; arma colligere, shorten sail.


adj. (rel. to μέγας, great), great, 1.602, and freq.; wide, vast, extended, expansive, 1.300; grand, stately, lofty, towering, 3.703; in number, 1.148; in weight, 5.248; in rank, power, character, 1.241; mighty, 5.414; venerable, 6.544; formidable, direful, 2.190; comp., māior, with or without nātū, the elder; māximus, a, um, with or without nātū, eldest, 1.654, et al.; subst., māgnum, ī, n., a great, noble, difficult, lofty thing, freq.; māgna, ōrum, great things; great rewards, 2.161; (adv.), māgnum, largely, widely, greatly, loudly, 9.705.


(reflex. pron., sing. and pl.), of himself, herself, itself, themselves, etc., freq.; (abl. with cum), sēcum, with one's self, 4.29.


(gen. ipsīus, dem. pron.), self, used to emphasize substantives and pronouns expressed or understood; myself, thyself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, etc., freq.; sometimes equivalent to just, precisely, exactly, very, even, 5.767, et al.; denoting distinction or preëminence, 1.575, et al.; of one's self, spontaneously, 7.492, et al.; the whole as contrasted with the parts, 12.303.


(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.


to give, freq.; grant, 1.79; bestow, 12.394; offer, 8.106; show, betray, 12.69; present, make, render, effect, 9.323; consign, throw, cast, 2.566; yield, resign, 11.162; supply, 2.391; bring, 4.683; give forth, spread, 12.301; make, 11.385; form, 12.575; direct, 3.337; establish, ordain, 12.192; unfurl, 1.35; often w. infin. as object acc., 5.538; sē dare, to intrust one’s self, venture upon, 9.56; to be given or afforded, 4.627; dare dēfēnsum, to defend completely, 12.437; dare poenās, to suffer punishment. Dare, w. a substantive following, may often be translated by the verb kindred with the latter; as, dare complexūs, to embrace, 1.687; dare partū, to bring forth, bear, 1.274.


(prep. followed by acc.) 1. (In relations of place), to, towards, at, by, near, before, freq., present with, among, 6.481; 2. (Of time), at, just at, about, by, 4.513, et al.; 3. (In other relations), in one’s esteem, with, 12.648; ad ūnum, even to a single one, to the last one, to a man, 5.687; ad ūsque, as far as, 11.262, et al.


(adj.), all, the whole, 6.138; every, 1.160; universal, supreme, 1.236; subst., omnēs, ium, m., all men; omnia, ium, n., all things, 6.33; everything, 1.91.


(adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.


(interrog. pron.), who? what? which? 2.42, et al.; quid, elliptical, what then? what is it? 10.77; quid, (adv.), as to what? how? why? 2.101, et al.; with num, whether any, any? nescio quis, — quid, — quod, I know not who, — what; often equivalent to some one, something, denoting doubt, 2.735.


(prep. w. acc.), through, (of place, time, agency, instrumentality, medium, and manner), 4.357, et al.; along, 1.576; over, 1.498; on, 5.335; by, at, 4.56; through, throughout, during, 1.31; in, 9.31; in entreaties, adjurations, and oaths, by, 2.141, et al.


dem. pron. (archaic, olle, 5.197, et al.), that, 6.760, et al.; that, well known, distinguished, great, 1.617; some formidable, some bold, 10.707; 11.809; as subs., he, she, it, they, freq.; ille — hīc, the one — the other, 5.430; the former — the latter, 6.395; joined to an adj. or partic. for emphasis, 1.3, et al.; ex illō, from that time, 8.268.


I, me, etc.; (abl. with cum appended), mēcum, with me, 1.675, et al.; (pl. often for the sing.), I, me, etc.


you, freq.; abl. with cum, tēcum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.


to be, as the copula between subject and predicate, freq.; to exist, be, 2.325, et al.; to pertain, belong to; one has or possesses, 3.433, et al.; (impers.), to be possible, one can, one may, 6.596; (imperat.), estō, be it so, grant, 4.35; archaic forms, pres, subj., fuam, ās, at, -ant, from fuō, 10.108; imperf. subj., forem, ēs, et, -ent, inf., fore, 1.235; rēs est alicui cum aliquō, one has a contest with one, 9.155.


(pron., referring to the first person), this; he, she, it; (pl.), these, they; freq., (for meus), 9.205; (for is), 1.742; (repeated), hīc — hīc, one — another, the one — the other, this — that; (pl.), these — those, some — others; hīc — ille, the latter — the former; this — that, the one — the other; freq.


(interrog. and rel. pron.; interrog.), who, which, what? (rel.), who, which, what, that; ex quō, from which, from what time; after, 2.163, et al.; abl., quī, m., f., and n., sometimes used for the regular abl.; hence, quīcum, with whom, 11.822.


(prep. w. acc. or abl.); w. acc., into, unto, to, toward, 1.587, et al.; against, 9.424, et al.; on, upon, 5.426, et al.; in expressions of time, unto, to, for; according to, by; denoting purpose, 12.854, et al.; as, for, 11.771; in adversum, contrary, against, opposite, 8.237; in melius, for the better, 1.281; in numerum, in time or order, 8.453; in ūnum, together; in abruptum, headlong, 3.422; w. abl. of situation, in, on, over, upon, freq.; in the midst of, within, among, 1.109, et al.; for, as, 5.537; on account of, at, 10.446; in respect to, 2.541; after its noun, 6.58.


(conj.), and, freq.; moreover, also, too, freq.; and even, and indeed; and yet; and immediately, 9.22; et — et, both — and, freq.

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(conj. enclit.), and, freq.; and indeed, 7.51; as an adversative, 4.96; -que — que, et — que, both — and, freq.; sometimes irregularly placed, 5.47, et al.; -que — et, both — and.

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